AN INTERSECTIONALITY PERSPECTIVE ON THE CLASSICAL WORLD
Pedagogical and methodological toolbox for intersectionality studies within Classical Archaeology
The purpose of the project was to construct an academic educational platform for students and teachers with the intention of focussing on problems concerning intersectionality within the cultural context of the classical world. The aim was to create an internet based database concentrating on problems related to gender, ethnicity, sexuality and other markers of difference within the ancient world. This approach to highlight intersectionality within the ancient world demonstrates the relevance of these problems for both the ancient and the modern society.
It is commonly asserted that ethnicity, gender, class etc. should be examined as distinctive social hierarchies. However, an intersectionality perspective can be defined as the understanding of gender in relation to other social identities such as class, ethnicity, sexuality and age and how they mutually construct one another. The presence of intersectionality within the classical world such as exhibited in black - and red figure Classical vases is illustrated in the web-based Intersectionality Tool Box (ITB). The identity groups are defined as Ethnic, Gender, Sexuality, Class and Age.
How to use the ITB: For example, click on the heading Ethnic, continue to Ethnic women and then to Barbarian. The identities intersect and Barbarian women may be regarded as doubly disadvantaged compared to ethnic men, as the social identity Gender, here women also has an ethnic background. In this case, the identity of class may also be present as the women could be an unfree person with a third perspective (Class) intersecting. Another example is the identity Sexuality, where, under the heading Prostitution, we find both Female and Male prostitution. In some cases we also find older women, adding Age as identity to Class and Gender. What we find in the ITB material is the process where a category of identity takes its meaning as a category in relation to another category.
This project is financed by The Swedish Agency for Networks and Cooperation in Higher Education Network (Myndigheten för nätverk och samarbete inom högre utbildning, NSHU).